Holistic Integration of Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Capability for Effective Theater Undersea Warfare
AREA(S): Information Systems
PROGRAM: PEO IWS5: Undersea Systems Program Office, AN/UYQ-100 Undersea Warfare
- Decision Support System (US
technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in
Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and
import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive
technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts
730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use
of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or
work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for
accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 3.5 of the Announcement.
Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be
restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
Develop a toolset to integrate aviation assets into Theater Undersea Warfare
(USW) operations through data and information exchange and sharing between air
platforms, ground support Command and Control (C2) nodes, and shore-based
Theater USW C2 systems.
Theater USW watch floor C2 planning currently contains limited information
regarding Anti-submarine Warfare (ASW) mission planning and execution
performance for Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft (MPRA), which
conduct Air ASW, such as the P-3 [Ref. 1] and P-8 [Ref. 2] naval aircraft. The
data available is often limited to the Area of Interest (AOI). The MPRA unit’s
mission is to search for planned locations for buoy fields.
The TacMobile Program provides expeditionary ground support for MPRA assets,
but there are no data exchange requirements between TacMobile and Theater USW
C2 systems. Therefore, in-situ information sharing is currently limited to
chat, voice, and tracks passed via Link-16.
The Navy seeks innovative data sharing and information exchange technologies to
achieve holistic integration of MRPA assets into Theater USW C2 decision making
and execution tracking to support future Theater USW C2 operations. This
decision making and execution tracking is performed using the AN/UYQ-100 USW
Decision Support System (USW-DSS) [Ref. 3]. This integration will become
increasingly critical as unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) performing ASW sensing
missions [Refs. 4, 5] augment operated MPRA assets. While some commercial
tracking capability exists, no available capabilities encompass the scope and
breadth of data sharing and information exchange sought by this SBIR topic.
For this integration to be effective, all aspects of MPRA mission planning,
communication of in-situ observation, and reporting, as well as post-mission
replay and assessment, are necessary. Naval Air tactical operations centers
(TOCs (shore based) and MTOCs (mobile)) will need to produce mission planning
products that layer all sensor predictions, and then feed those models to the Theater
USW operations center via USW-DSS.
Data to be exchanged or shared include the following:
1) Sensor performance predictions for all sensors. Example sensors include
passive and active sonobuoys (SSQ-53, SSQ-62, SSQ-101, SSQ-125), radars,
magnetic anomaly detection (MAD), electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR), and
electronic support measures (ESM).
2) Mission planning data. Data to be shared include routes, search areas, and
predicted cumulative detection probabilities (CDPs) for sensors employed during
a planned search over time.
3) Mission execution data. Data to be shared include calculated CDPs during
mission execution based on in-situ environmental measurements and actual
4) Contact and track data. This data includes information such as lines of
bearing, positional information, and tracks passed via Link-16.
5) Mission readiness data. This includes information regarding aircraft sensors
available for use, availability of flight crews, fuel stores, available
weapons, and remaining stores of expendables (e.g., sonobuoys).
6) Common tactical picture (CTP) data. This would include area search
performance for individual air assets and fused information across multiple
7) Environmental measurements. This would include measurements of atmospheric
conditions, bathymetric measurements to infer sound speed profiles, and ambient
8) Intelligence data. This includes acoustic intelligence (ACINT) and signal
9) Geographic plot and air tasking order (ATO) or flying program (FLYPRO) data.
These data include search areas, routes, Weapon System Manager (WSM)
acknowledgements, and geographic overlays.
Integration of MPRA data into USW-DSS will produce a fully informed USW common
tactical picture to enable effective decision making when planning and
executing employment of MPRA and ASW UAVs in a Theater or Operational Level of
War environment. This addition to a more fully informed USW tactical picture
will reduce acquisition costs to develop similar technologies with a lower
level of confidence. Unit and individual sortie-level data across all
applicable sorties will be needed to build a comprehensive MPRA picture to
integrate with tactical pictures produced by surface combatants, submarines,
surveillance systems, and unmanned assets when confronting a peer adversary.
The result of this integration effort will reduce the level of effort required
for coordination between Theater USW watch floors and TOC/MTOC sites.
Work produced in Phase II may become classified. Note: The prospective
contractor(s) must be U.S. Owned and Operated with no Foreign Influence as
defined by DOD 5220.22-M, National Industrial Security Program Operating
Manual, unless acceptable mitigating procedures can and have been be
implemented and approved by the Defense Security Service (DSS). The selected
contractor and/or subcontractor must be able to acquire and maintain a secret
level facility and Personnel Security Clearances, in order to perform on
advanced phases of this contract as set forth by DSS and NAVSEA in order to
gain access to classified information pertaining to the national defense of the
United States and its allies; this will be an inherent requirement. The
selected company will be required to safeguard classified material IAW DoD
5220.22-M during the advance phases of this contract.
Develop a concept for a module for the holistic integration of MPRA planning,
execution, and state data with the USW-DSS system. Use modeling and simulation
to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept to convey all the categories of
data listed in the Description. The Phase I Option, if exercised, will include
the initial system specifications and capabilities description to build a
prototype solution in Phase II.
Develop and deliver a prototype of the Air ASW module. Demonstrate prototype
performance through the required range of parameters given in the Description.
If needed, coordinate with the Government to conduct testing at a Government-
or company-provided facility to validate the prototype capability.
It is probable that the work under this effort will be classified under Phase
II (see Description section for details).
DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Support the Navy in transitioning the technology to an
integrated element of USW-DSS. Demonstrate and report on performance during
laboratory testing or at-sea trials.
Commercial use could be in industries involving vehicle tracking and status.
Tracking vehicles on a site-specific map, level of readiness for deployment,
and the preventative maintenance each vehicle may need would provide
situational awareness to reduce costs and provide safe vehicles for the
customer (e.g., rental cars, school bus systems).
Orion and EP-3 Aries.” U.S. Navy Fact File, Official Navy Website, 22 February
Poseidon Multi-mission Maritime Aircraft (MMA).” U.S. Navy Fact File, Official
Navy Website, 22 February 2019. https://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=1100&tid=1300&ct=1
“AN/UYQ-100 Undersea Warfare Decision Support System (USW-DSS).” U.S. Navy Fact
File, Official Navy Website, 24 January 2017. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=2100&tid=324&ct=2
Jim. “Summary of the National Defense Strategy: 2018.”
Robert. “What Role Can a Theater Anti-Submarine Warfare Commander Serve in the
New Maritime Strategy?” Naval War College, 23 October 2006. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a463664.pdf
Anti-submarine Warfare; Air ASW; Theater USW Command and Control; Maritime Patrol
and Reconnaissance Aircraft (MPRA); MPRA Mission Planning; Post-mission Replay