High Power Quantum Cascade Lasers in the Spectral Range between 3.8 and 4.1 Microns
Navy SBIR 2020.1 - Topic N201-013
NAVAIR - Ms. Donna Attick - firstname.lastname@example.org
Opens: January 14, 2020 - Closes: February 26, 2020 (8:00 PM ET)
AREA(S): Air Platform
PROGRAM: PMA272 Tactical Aircraft Protection Systems
technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in
Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and
import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive
technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts
730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use
of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or
work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for
accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 3.5 of the Announcement.
Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be
restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
Develop quantum cascade lasers in the in the 3.8-4.1 micron wavelength range
with high output power and brightness.
High-power, cost-effective, compact, and reliable mid-wave infrared (MWIR)
Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) platforms operating in the continuous wave (CW)
regime are highly desirable for current and future Navy applications.
Individual QCLs emitting within the 4.6-5 micron wavelength band with about 5
Watts CW output power and a wall-plug efficiency of about 20% at room
temperature (RT) have been demonstrated [Ref 1]. Another shorter MWIR spectral
band between 3.8 and 4.1 microns is of interest for Naval applications. The
atmospheric transmission in this band is about 45% to 50% higher than that of
the 4.6-5 micron spectral band. Furthermore, when QCLs emitting in both of the
MWIR bands are beam-combined, higher emission power of QCLs in the 3.8-4.1
micron wavelength band [Ref 2] could alleviate the emission power, and their
size, weight, and power (SWaP) dissipation requirements of QCLs in the 4.6-5
micron wavelength band. Despite their importance, very little technology
development and advancement have been made for QCLs emitting in the 3.8-4.1
micron MWIR band, in stark contrast to their counterparts in the 4.6-5 micron
Design a QCL emitting in the 3.8-4.1 micron wavelength range at room
temperature with 5 W minimum CW power, 15% minimum CW wall-plug efficiency, and
nearly Gaussian beam with beam propagation ratio (M2) less than 1.5 showing a
path to meeting Phase II goals. The Phase I effort will include prototype
plans to be developed under Phase II.
Optimize the QCL design from Phase I. Fabricate and fully characterize
prototype QCLs in the 3.8-4.1 micron wavelength band with the minimum
performance levels reached. Demonstrate a QCL prototype to meet all
requirements. Demonstrate a QCL lifetime >1,000 hours with the performance
criteria stated in Phase I.
DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Fully develop and transition the high performance QCLs
with the specifications stated in Phase II for DoD applications in the areas of
Directed Infrared Countermeasures (DIRCM), advanced chemicals sensors, and
Laser Detection and Ranging (LIDAR). The DoD has a need for advanced, compact,
high performance MWIR QCL in Band IVA (3.8 – 4.1 micron) of which the output
power can readily be scaled via beam combining for current and future
generation DIRCMs, LIDARs, and chemicals/explosives sensing.
1. Bai, Y.,
Bandyopadhyay, N., Tsao, S., Slivken, S. and Razeghi, M. “Room Temperature
Quantum Cascade Lasers with 27% Wall Plug Efficiency.” Applied Physics Letters,
2. Lyakh, A.,
Maulini, R. and Tsekoun, A. “High-Performance Continuous-Wave Room Temperature
4.0-m Quantum Cascade Lasers with SingleFacet Optical Emission Exceeding 2 W.” https://www.researchgate.net/publication/47459301_High-performance_continuous-wave_room_temperature_40-_m_quantum_cascade_lasers_with_single-facet_optical_emission_exceeding_2_W
3. Lee, H.
and Yu, J. “Thermal Analysis of Short Wavelength InGaAs/InAlAs Quantum Cascade
Lasers.” Solid-State Electronics, 2010, pp. 769-776. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038110110000894
4. Botez, D.
and Chang, C.-C. “Temperature Sensitivity of the Electro-Optical
Characteristics for Mid-Infrared (? = 3-16 µm) - Emitting Quantum Cascade
Lasers.” Journal of Physics D Applied Physics Vol. 49 No. 4, December 2015. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/287194386_Temperature_sensitivity_of_the_electro-optical_characteristics_for_mid-infrared_l_3-16_mm-emitting_quantum_cascade_lasers
5. Botez, D.,
Kirch, J., Boyle, C., Oresick, K., Sigler, C., Lindberg, D., . . . Mawst, L.
“High-Power, High-Efficiency Mid-Infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers.” 2018
Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): San Jose, pp. 1378-1398. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8427524/
Quantum Cascade Lasers; QCL; Band IVA; Band IVB3.8 Micron; 4.1 Micron; Mid-wave
Infrared; Continuous Wave