Quantum Information Transported Over Radio Frequency
Navy SBIR 2019.3 - Topic N193-140
NAVAIR - Ms. Donna Attick - email@example.com
Opens: September 24, 2019 - Closes: October 23, 2019 (8:00 PM ET)
AREA(S): Information Systems
PROGRAM: NAE CTO Office
technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in
Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and
import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive
technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts
730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use
of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or
work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for
accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 3.5 of the Announcement.
Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be
restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
Investigate, design, and develop the capability to leverage quantum information
such as electron momentum/spin to transmit information over radio frequency
(RF) in binary form instead of waveform and power levels, therefore making the
signal less susceptible to jamming, interception, and possibly detection.
The Navy seeks the means to: (1) create a bias in order to transmit quantum
information over radio frequency (RF) (for example, using electron spin) in a
binary method as opposed to power levels and waveform modulations; (2) properly
detect the quantum information (e.g., electron spin) and convert it into a
binary digit (bit); and (3) by using the electron spin as the example of
quantum information, designating the spin up to a 1 and a spin down to a 0,
leverage this to become a transfer of information via radio frequencies.
I: Design, demonstrate and validate, through analysis and/or simulation, a
binary quantum state that can be created, transported over RF and detected by
the prototyped device. Characterize the hardware it would take to make that
happen. Determine the desired probability of quantum information detection
given a finite number of biased quantum particles. Assess the device
performance parameters including the size, weight, cooling, and power
consumption of the hardware to create such a device. Estimate the parameters of
feasibility for such a device to operate such as frequency range, effective
radiated power of transmitted radio frequency signal, and minimal detectable
signal for reception of the RF to achieve the desired probability of quantum
information detection. Predict operational environment of such a device in
terms of isolation, temperature, and physical stability of device to generate
the quantum information suitable for transportation over radio frequency.
Determine if free-space RF is suitable for the transfer of quantum information,
and propose the best-suited frequencies for such transfer. The Phase I effort
will include prototype plans to be developed under Phase II.
II: Based on Phase I, design and fabricate the prototype and
demonstrate/validate the ability to transport quantum information for maritime
airborne applications. Measure operating parameters related to operation range,
including the signal-to-noise ratio for a minimal detectable signal of the RF
to achieve the desired probability of quantum information detection, and the
probability of quantum binary digit detection. Demonstrate or predict how other
natural phenomena such as atmospheric affects (e.g., clouds, water vapor) would
affect the minimal discernable reception. Measure and/or calculate the distance
to achieve a desired probability of quantum information detection. Characterize
the behavior over RF frequencies from 300MHz up to 40 GHz in minimum of bands
from 30-300MHz, 300-3GHz, 1-2 GHz, 2-4 GHz, 4-8 GHz, 8-12 GHz, 12-18 GHz, 18-26
GHz, and 26-50 GHz. Conduct demonstration in an indoor lab or outdoor range to
demonstrate quantum information transmission and reception. Report the results
including the design architecture, the measured results of quantum information
detection, the detections versus frequency, and conclusions and recommendations
of the tests and demonstrations conducted.
III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Based on Phase II prototype, prepare for and
demonstrate the capabilities in a relevant airborne environment such as a
manned fixed-wing or manned rotary-wing civilian or military aircraft. Collect
and verify the performance parameters to include bit rate, error rates, and
data transport rates in megabits per second. Develop a draft, system
performance specification. Report on produce-ability of product, as well as
suitability of product to augment existing radio-frequency systems. Propose
options for integrating product into existing military radio frequency systems.
Transition final device for use on appropriate platforms.
Drysdale, T. D., Allen, B., Cano, E., Bai, Q. and Tennant, A., "Evaluation
of OAM-radio mode detection using the phase gradient method." 2017 11th
European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Paris, 2017, pp.
Kenyon, Henry S. "Quantum Radio Takes A Giant Leap." AFCEA
International, Fairfax, VA 2018. https://www.afcea.org/content/quantum-radio-takes-giant-leap
Hsu, Bailey C., Berrondo, Manuel, et. al. "Stern-Gerlach dynamics with
quantum propagators." Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young
University, Provo, Utah 2011. https://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.83.012109
"RT-1990A(C)/ARC-210 – GENERATION 5." Rockwell Collins, Cedar Rapids,
IA 2015. https://www.rockwellcollins.com/-/media/files/unsecure/products/product-brochures/communication-and-networks/communication-radios/629f-23-brochure.pdf?lastupdate=20170118201627
Department of Defense. "Environmental Engineering Considerations and
Laboratory Tests." MIL-STD-810H, 31 January 2019. http://everyspec.com/MIL-STD/MIL-STD-0800-0899/download.php?spec=MIL-STD-810H.055998.pdf
Quantum; Data Transport; Information Science; Datalink; Radio Frequency;
Assured Command and Control