Automated Event Logging for Improved Electronic Warfare Operations
AREA(S): Battlespace, Electronics, Sensors
PROGRAM: PEO IWS 2.0, Above Water Sensors Program Office.
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Develop and demonstrate an automated Electronic Warfare (EW) event logging
system for the operator display console that captures and assimilates EW
emitter information to improve surface electronic warfare operator performance.
The Navy’s surface EW systems are receiving a series of complete technology
upgrades under a phased development and acquisition approach that delivers new
capabilities (i.e. system hardware) to the Fleet in “block” updates. This
includes the introduction of new electronic support, electronic attack, countermeasures,
and electro-optic and infrared systems. Taken collectively, these updates
result in a completely new, fully modernized, and greatly expanded Surface
Fleet EW capability. However, the increased levels of performance and enhanced
mission capabilities being deployed by these block improvements are accompanied
by an increased burden on the EW operator. The EW operator now has access to
more electronic support information of a greater depth than ever before. As
sensor data from radar, electro-optic sensors, and even other ships is fused
with the expanded Electronic Surveillance (ES) data available, the burden on
the operator increases exponentially. The problem far exceeds what is
encountered in normal or commercial air traffic control because the EW operator
must discern and evaluate the threat presented by multiple uncooperative
contacts. Operator overload and fatigue are serious problems that can be
exacerbated by inefficient organization and display of information. While some
of this data can be processed automatically, perhaps using machine learning or
adaptive algorithms, the Navy does not want to remove the operator from the
loop; the EW operator and display will remain a critical element in Surface
combat. The EW human-machine interface (HMI) must be updated and enhanced along
with the other system elements.
The EW operator primarily receives and maintains information on emitters
detected by the ES system. Detected emitters may be persistent or fleeting.
However, for each of these detection “events” the emitter information must be
recognized, understood, and perhaps acted upon in real time. In almost all
instances though, it is desirable for the operator to be able to log and record
the event data, sometimes with the incorporation of additional information
entered by the operator (the added information may be notes created by the
operator or information provided by other sensors or sources). The logged and
recorded information, in order to be useful, must then be made available when
needed and in a format that is useful for the intended purpose. At one extreme,
the information may be recalled almost immediately by the operator. At the
other extreme, the saved information may be assimilated, sorted, and used at a
later date (for example, for training purposes). In all cases however, the
amount of effort involved in logging and recording the information and the
utility of that information, once recorded, depends greatly on the quality of
The Navy needs an event logging and recording application specifically suited
to the capture and assimilation of EW emitter information at the operator
console. The technology will provide maximum utility to the operator without
increasing the burden on the operator. Therefore, the proposed application must
demonstrate a particular understanding of the human-machine interaction present
in EW operations. Innovation is sought in the visual display and organization
of the data that anticipates and facilitates the operator’s needs and actions.
The application should provide an ES Intercept Log that, with simple
“one-click” operator direction, captures and tags emitters from the EW display,
including the Emitter History Log (EHL) and Emitter Summary List (ESL). The
application must record operator actions and include the facility for the
operator to add and associate comments to the emitter entry.
The captured event data must be organized, stored, and made immediately
available for recall when the operator requires. Information must be
permanently saved and easily searchable by multiple emitter parameters (e.g.,
frequency, pulse repetition rate). The logged information must also be
searchable by event metadata that includes time-stamp, geo-location, operator
actions, and operator entered comments. The application will also include the
ability to auto-populate formatted electronic intelligence (ELINT) messages for
export at operator direction. The captured data must also be organized,
formatted, readable, and sortable for post-mission download in Windows Excel
format. The application software must facilitate information assurance
compliance and be provided with a well-defined software interface for
integration into the future EW operator console. The event logging software
architecture should also be as modular as possible to accommodate future
updates to the EW operator console.
The Phase II effort will likely require secure access to data classified at the
Secret level, and NAVSEA will process the DD254 to support the contractor for
personnel and facility certification for secure access. The Phase I effort will
not require access to classified information. If need be, data of the same
level of complexity as secured data will be provided to support Phase I work.
Work produced in Phase II may become classified. Note: The prospective
contractor(s) must be U.S. Owned and Operated with no Foreign Influence as
defined by DOD 5220.22-M, National Industrial Security Program Operating
Manual, unless acceptable mitigating procedures can and have been be
implemented and approved by the Defense Security Service (DSS). The selected
contractor and/or subcontractor must be able to acquire and maintain a secret
level facility and Personnel Security Clearances, in order to perform on
advanced phases of this contract as set forth by DSS and NAVSEA in order to
gain access to classified information pertaining to the national defense of the
United States and its allies; this will be an inherent requirement. The
selected company will be required to safeguard classified material IAW DoD 5220.22-M
during the advance phases of this contract.
I: Provide a concept for an automated event logging software application that
shows it feasibly meets objectives stated in the Description. Demonstrate
feasibility by a combination of analysis, modelling, and simulation. Ensure
that the feasibility analysis includes predictions of operator performance
during use of the application. Develop a Phase II plan. The Phase I Option, if
exercised, will include the initial design specification and capabilities
description to build a prototype solution in Phase II.
II: Develop, deliver, and demonstrate a prototype for an automated EW event
logging software application meeting the requirements contained in the
Description. Development of an associated EW display emulation capability may
be needed in order to demonstrate the event logger.
It is probable that the work under this effort will be classified under Phase
II (see Description section for details).
III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Support the Navy in transitioning the technology for
Government use. Since the Phase II effort results in a prototype that is not
necessarily demonstrated on a tactical system, assist in integrating the event
logger software into the EW display tactical code. Assist in certification of
the resulting tactical code. Assist the Government in testing and validating
the performance of the resulting event logger application, as integrated into
the EW console.
The core event logger software can also be customized for additional applications
such as other military systems (including radar displays) and for commercial
systems such as air traffic control systems.
Haberkorn, Thomas, et al. "Traffic Displays for Visual Flight Indicating
Track and Priority Cues.” IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 44,
September 2014: 755-766. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6898824/
Moacdieh, Nadine, and Sarter, Nadine. "The Effects of Data Density,
Display Organization, and Stress on Search Performance: An Eye Tracking Study
of Clutter.” IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 47, December 2017:
Electronic Warfare; EW Human-Machine Interface; ES Event Logging; Electronic
Surveillance; Visual Display of EW; Electronic Intelligence
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